ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT
Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E.
Problems of management of loading of capacities
of the construction organizations ….. 3
Filiushina K.E.,Astafyev S.A.
Development of public-private partnership
in low-rise investment and construction projects …. 13
HOUSING CONSTRUCTION AND
HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES
The solution of apartment question in Russia …. 22
Pupentsova S.V., Rusanov S.V.
Research of options of development of built-up areas
in St. Petersburg …. 34
EFFICIENCY AND QUALITY
‘Technology gaps’ in Modern Construction Development:
articulation of the issue …. 47
Tikhonov Iu. P..
Optimizing the construction period …. 52
Grinenko S.V., Popov A.A., Prikhodko L.N.,
Monitoring of the market of services for transportation
of passengers by land transport of Krasnodar region …. 61
Chiadighikaobi P.Ch., Adejuyigbe I.O.B.,
Design of a Sustainable Steel Frame Building using
Basalt Materials for increased Structural Sustainability …. 71
Problems of management of loading of capacities of the construction organizations
Pankratov EvgeniyPavlovich, professor, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics. Adress: 36 per. Stremyanny, Moscow, Russia,117997;
Pankratov OlegEvgenievich, Ph.D., Directorate of economic-operational management of Bank of Russia, Moscow, Russia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords:construction organizations, production facilities, factors determining the capabilities of organizations, planning and management of their load.
In the article on the basis of the analysis of indicators of work of a construction complex it is revealed that one of the most important reasons of their some decrease in recent years is low use of production capacities of the construction organizations which according to Rosstat makes 60-80%. This situation is due to both the sharp growth of small inefficient organizations and the shortcomings in their workload, since the current system does not allow to link their production capacity with the planned amount of work with the proper degree of validity. The available proposals to solve this problem in the pre-reform period, both due to their lack of scientific validity, and the lack of a number of proposals due economic logic, also can not be used in full in solving this problem in modern conditions. All this indicates the complexity of the problem of quantitative assessment of the production capacity of the construction organization and the lack of adequate methods of its solution. The objectives of this study does not include clarification or addition of existing definitions of production capacity of the construction organization, and put a slightly different task – to develop and justify proposals for planning and management of loading of construction companies based on their production and technical, potential, etc real possibilities and primarily the volume of fixed assets and the number of workers (ie, two components of any production process), as well as taking into account factors determining the conditions of their implementation for the implementation of a value of the volume of work. Based on this situation, all factors are classified into two companies: factors determining the production capabilities of enterprises and factors characterizing the conditions of their implementation and on their basis on the set of small construction organizations of the CAO of the Russian Federation by multistage modeling method, a multi-factor model of their relationship is built. The parameters of the model, as well as the results of its testing for the analyzed set of organizations showed that the actual deviations from the calculated ones are within 4.1-5.3%, which is acceptable for both planning and analysis of their loading. On the basis of this model, a graphical nomogram is developed, which allows to determine the amount of WMS that can be performed by an organization based on its capabilities with minimal time, and also the coefficients that adjust the impact of technological progress on the planned load are calculated.
1. Pankratov, O.E., Pankratov E.P. the problem of improving the investment- economic potential of construction companies // Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2017, no5, p. 3-17 (in Russ.).
2. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O E. on the development of a network of construction organizations and the effectiveness of their integration // Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2017, no 2, p. 73-24 (in Russ.).
3. Serov V.M., Pankratov, O.E. On the definition of production capacity of construction organizations in modern conditions of managing. In the sat. "Modern problems of project management in the investment and construction sector and environmental management." M., REU them. Plekhanova, 2018, p. 75-78 (in Russ.).
4. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E. Fixed assets of construction: reproduction and update. M., Ed.
"Economics, 2014, p. 351 (in Russ.).
5. Pankratov E.P. the Use of fixed assets construction and the role of credibility in this sector of the Economy //Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2016, no. 2, pp. 48-55 (in Russ.).
6. Pankratov E.P., Pankratov O.E. About the potential of leasing in renovation of fixed assets of construction and the conceptual directions of its development Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2015, no 6, pp. 16-29 (in Russ.).
Development of public-private partnership in low-rise investment and construction projects
Filiushina Kristina E.,Ph.D. (Econom.), docent, Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building, Tomsk, Russia;e-mail: email@example.com;
Astafyev Sergey A., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Baikal State University, Irkutsk, Russia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: low-rise housing construction, public-private partnership, investment, region.
The subject of the study is the development of low-rise housing construction. The goal is to develop methods of investment activity in low-rise housing construction in the aspect of development of public-private partnership projects. The article presents the forms, models and mechanisms for implementing public-private partnership projects in the construction complex. The degree of influence of various factors on the construction complex of the region was revealed, and a new scheme of interaction in low-rise construction projects based on the principles of public-private partnership was proposed. Interpretation of the obtained results is carried out in the form of figures, tables and formulas. The obtained research results served as the foundation for lowering the cost of construction and ensuring the availability of low-rise housing for certain categories of citizens in the mainstream of public-private partnership projects. The results of the study can be used in the implementation of regional strategic sectoral planning.
1. Bondarenko E.Y., Ivanenko L.V. Foreign experience of organization of low-rise construction // Osnovy ekonomiki, upravleniya i prava [Fundamentals of economics, management and law], 2013, no 2(8), pp. 12–16 (in Russ.).
2. Chernov A.V. State-private partnership in the sphere of low-rise housing construction // Pravo i investicii [Law and Investment], 2010, no 4, pp. 39–42 (in Russ.).
3. Vtornikova Ya.E. State-private partnership in the sphere of low-rise housing construction // Nauchnyj vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Serija: Student i nauka [Scientific herald of Voronezh State Architectural and Construction University. Series: Student and Science], 2014, no 6, pp. 73-79 (in Russ.).
4. Korostin S.A. Public-Private Partnership as an Effective Mechanism for Solving the Housing Issue in the Regions // Regional'nye problemy preobrazovanija jekonomiki [Regional Problems of Economic Transformation], 2015, no 2 (52), pp. 41-45 (in Russ.).
5. O’Toole L. The Implications for Democracy in a Networked Bureaucratic World // Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 1997, vol.7.
6. Rhodes R., Marsh D. Policy Network in British Politics. A Critique of Existing Approaches // Policy Network in British Government. Oxford, 1992.
7. Filyushina K.E., Minaev N.N., Gusakova N.V., Dobrynina O.I., Zharova E.A., Merkulieva Yu.A., Run'kova A.S. Substantiation of the modern organizational model of low-rise housing construction // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Tomsk State Architectural and Construction University], 2016, no 3 (56), pp. 166-178 (in Russ.).
8. Zharova E.A., Minaev N.N., Filushina K.E., Gusakov A.M., Gusakova N.V. Formation of a regional process management model for energy efficiency of low-rise residential construction // Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2015, vol. 6, no 3, pp. 155-160.
The solution of apartment question in Russia
Leonova Leyla Borisovna,
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Management of Construction and Real Estate Market, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia BN. Yeltsin.
620002, Ekaterinburg, ul. Mira, 19, e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: housing issue, construction and housing and communal services, fund for construction and maintenance of affordable housing and housing services.
The subject of the study is the search of apartment question for the majority of the population in Russia. This problem is extremely acute always. State management and support is necessary to solve it. From the point of view of methodology, the research is based on methods of systemic, structural-functional, historical and comparative analysis, socio-economic planning and forecasting, as well as approaches implemented in the practice of making managerial decisions.
The authors of the article analyzed the socio-economic and market aspects connected with the situation of the housing stock in Russia, the implementation of major repairs, the state of emergency and dilapidated housing and the solvency of the population. As a result, they developed and proposed the mechanism for the formation of the Foundation for Construction and Maintenance of Affordable Housing (FCMAH). It will allow Russian citizens to solve their housing problems within 6-8 years. According to the author's opinion, the main source of financing for the acquisition of housing in the property should be the targeted personal accounts of working citizens, for which both employers and employees themselves will deduct from 15 to 20% of wages. These deductions should replace personal income tax at a rate of 13% for employees and 30% insurance premiums for employers. The means of personal accounts must be kept in the bank under %, by analogy with deposits under state control. Account holders will also be able to obtain the necessary information about them. It is absolutely real thanks to modern banking technologies.
As a result, employers will be reduced tax burden, the economic effect of which will be from 3 to 5% of GDP. And citizens can buy apartments in the property or improve their living conditions.
This mechanism should concern the majority of the population of the country with wages from 20 to 35 thousand rubles a month. Especially those who, could not afford to buy an apartment with the help of a mortgage mechanism. FCMAH will help for the majority of the country's population to solve the apartment question and they will be able to become full owners of their flats.
1. Livshits V.N. System Analysis of Market Reform of the Nonstationary Economy of Russia: 1992 - 2013. - Moscow: LENAND, 2013. - 640 p. (in Russ).
2. Mortgage lending: a manual / Litvinova S.A. M.-Berlin: Direct Media, 2015, 59 p. (in Russ).
3. Leonova L.B., Leonov R.A., Zasukhina V.S. Mortgage lending: the present and the future // Ehkonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2016, no 5, pp. 39-54 (in Russ).
4. Leonova L.B., Leonov R.A., Zasukhina V.S. Housing Fund in Russia: analysis and development prospects. //Ehkonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2016, no 6, pp. 33-48 (in Russ).
5. Leonova L.B., Zasukhina V.S. Affordable housing: analysis, problems and solutions// Vestnik UGNTU, Nauka, obrazovanie, ehkonomika. Seriya EHkonomika. [Bulletin of USTU, Science, Education, Economics. Series Economics], 2016, no 3 (17), pp. 110 – 120 (in Russ).
6. Leonova L.B., Alpatova E.S., Leonov R.A. Affordable housing: the search for sources of financing // EHkonomicheskij analiz, Teoriya i praktika ID. Finansy i kredit [Economic analysis, Theory and practice of ID. Finance and credit], 2016, no 11 (458), pp. 20-33 (in Russ).
7. Leonova L.B., Zasukhina V.S. Criteria for the availability of housing in Russia // EHkonomicheskij analiz, Teoriya i praktika ID. Finansy i kredit. [Economic Analysis, Theory and Practice ID. Finance and credit], 2016, no 12 (459), pp. 111-125 (in Russ).
8. Leonova L.B. Availability of housing in Russia: problems and solutions// Audit i finansovyj analiz [Audit and financial analysis], 2017, no 2, pp. 358-365 (in Russ).
9. Turtushov V.V. Calculation of the coefficient of housing affordability for Russian regions and factors affecting it // Vestnik CHuvashskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Chuvash University], 2013, no 1, pp. 335 – 338 (in Russ).
10. Barker K. Review of Housing Supply. Final report: Recommendations – London, HMSO, 2004. URL: http://www.barkerreview.org.uk (data accessed: 18.03.3018).
11. Greeen R, Malpezzi S. Primer on U.S. Housing market and housing policy, The Urban Institute Press. Washington D.C., 2003.
12. Hancock, K.E. “Can pay? Wont pay?” or Economic Principles of “Affordability”, Urban Studies, Vol 30, No. 1, pp. 127-145, 1993 of Cambridge, 1997.
Research of options of development of built-up areas in St. Petersburg
Pupentsova Svetlana V., PhD of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Higher School of Management and Business, Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rusanov Sergey V.,student Higher School of Management and Business, Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU); e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: the most effective option for building a site, the cost of land, a risk analysis, invested capital.
Unlike most developer projects on the development of free territories, projects of the development of built-up urban areas suppose the solution of questions aimed at the organization and resettlement of existing improvements that are recognized as subjects to demolition. The most effective variant of building the territory for which the Program of development of the built-up territories in Saint Petersburg works was found in work. The purpose of the study is to analyze the probable, legal, physically possible, economically feasible and financially feasible options for the use of the studied land, and the choice of the most effective use (construction), corresponding to the highest market value of land and the maximum productivity of the investment project aimed at the development of the built-up area. Results of multiple-factor risk analysis of the investment project for each option of building of the researched territory are considered in article, agreed value of the earth is also received. Because of the analysis carried out by the authors, an option has been chosen that provides for multistory residential development (from 9 floors and above), providing a greater utilization rate of the researched area. It is determined in the article that the inclusion of apartments in structure of a residential part (residential premises with the possibility of their use, both for the residence of the owner and for renting) helps to reduce the degree of uncertainty (risks) for the project as a whole. This decrease is due to lower volatility of apartment sales prices compared to the volatility of flat sales prices. The work reflects that the presence of additional costs associated with the resettlement of existing improvements and their subsequent dismantling, puts a burden on the Investor, which is reflected in the decline of the final return on invested capital. Additional costs of the Investor during the implementation of the MEO for the construction of the study area, aimed at measures for the resettlement of existing improvements and their subsequent dismantling would lead to a decrease in the rate of return on invested capital from the target value of 20.6% to 8.1% (decrease by 12.5) was found in work.
1. Ozerov E.S. Formation of a system of management of profitable real estate. St. Petersburg: Publishing house of Polytechnic University, 2016, 606 p. (in Russ.).
2. Ozerov E.S., Pupentsova S.V. Real estate value and investment potential management. St. Petersburg: Publishing house of Polytechnic University, 2015, 600 p. (in Russ.).
3. Pupentsova S.V., Shabrova O.A. Investigation of the dependence of the rate of return on capital on the amount of investment // Ekonomika stroitel'stva [Economics of Construction], 2016, no 5(41), pp. 16-21 (in Russ.).
4. Brealey R., Myers S. Principles of corporate finance. Moscow: Publishing house of Olimpus – Business, 1997, 1120 p. (in Russ.).
5. Shepeleva A.A., Nikitushkina I.V. Assessment of the company-specific risk premium in estimating the required return on equity // Izdatel'skij dom Finansy i Kredit [Publishing house Finance and Credit], 2016, no 34, pp. 36 – 49 (in Russ.).
6. Maltsev A.S. Numerical methods of analysis of integral indicators of investment projects // Аudit i finansovyj analiz [Audit and financial analysis], 2005, no 3, pp. 177 – 195 (in Russ.).
7. Pupentsova S.V. Models and tools in the economic assessment of investments. St. Petersburg: Publishing house of Polytechnic university, 2014, 187 p. (in Russ.).
8. Laskin M.B., Rusakov O.V., Jaksumbaeva O.I. Determination of the capitalization ratio on statistical data // Statistika i Jekonomika [Statistics and Economics], 2016, no 1, pp. 14-22 (in Russ.).
9. Rusakov O.V., Laskin M.B., Jaksumbaeva O.I. Pricing in the real estate market as a stochastic limit. Log normal approximation // International Journal of Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, 2016, no 10, pp. 229-236.
10. Albuquerque R., Eichenbaum M., Luo V. Xi; Rebelo S. Valuation risk and asset pricing // Journal of Finance, 2016, Vol. 71, no 6, pp. 2861-2904.
11. Klochkov Y., Gabitova L., Klochkova E., Vasilieva I., Dementiev S. Consideration of uncertainties and risks in the building process of multifunctional harbor transshipment complex // International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering, 2016., vol 23, no 6.
12. Ozerov E.S., Pupentsova S.V., Leventsov V.A., Dyachkov M.S. Selecting the best use option for assets in a corporate management system // Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) 6th International Conference ICRITO, 2017, pp. 163-171.
‘Technology gaps’ in Modern Construction Development: articulation of the issue
Urmancheyev Eldar M.,TheInvestor’sGuardianLimited. Adress: 164 MertonRoad, Лондон, Великобритания, SW19 1EG; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: construction development, investment, building information modelling, construction management, technology gap, production efficiency in construction.
The article focuses on the issue of lower productivity (in comparison with other types of production) in construction that negatively impacts the investment indicators of development projects. The author claims that this situation is caused by ‘technology gaps’ which he defines as missing or distorted technological links within the building lifecycle management chain. Such gaps are present throughout the chain from its earliest stages. He differentiates this concept from non-systematic management and planning errors that occur individually and mostly randomly, as well as from the concept of ‘technology gap’ that describes the relative superiority or inferiority of economic systems to one another. Apart from the definition of the concept the article formulates the prevalent causes of technology gaps. First of all, they include the absence or insufficiency of data gathering technology at the stage of initial planning that is further exacerbated by the bad practice whereby the design assignment is effectively prepared by the design office and not by the client. According to the research conducted by the company, this phenomenon is not specific to Russia and exists globally.The author further claims that technology gaps are often bridged by compensatory technologies that in most cases are excessively costly. Building information modelling (BIM) is one of the most indicative examples of such technologies: despite the relative complexity of its implementation it only compensates for the imperfections of the conventional cycle of planning and design that does not allow to produce error-free designs. The application of BIM as a compensatory technology however does not cover all existing technology gaps because information models are based upon data gathered in a way that lies beyond their scope. Therefore, the technology gap at the stage of preparatory research persists and, according to the empirical curve of costs of errors at different stages of the development cycle, remains the most ‘expensive’ in terms of its impact upon the value of the object.This takes the author to the main theoretical conclusion of the paper: today our knowledge buildings’ lifecycle should be revisited from the ground up. The application of expensive compensatory technologies (such as BIM), as excellent as they are in themselves, is not enough to bring about the leap in efficiency and investment returns in construction similar to those that we have been observing over the last several decades in the production of technologically advanced moveable goods.
- Barbosa F., Woetzel J. et al., Reinventing Construction: A Route to Higher Productivity, McKinsey Global Institute Report (February, 2017). URL: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey /Industries/Capital%20Projects%20and%20Infrastructure /Our%20Insights /Reinventing%20construction%20through%20a%20productivity%20revolution /MGI-Reinventing-construction-A-route-to-higher-productivity-Full-report.ashx (data accessed: 01.12.2017).
- Changali S., Mohammad A., Nieuwland, M. van, The Construction Productivity Imperative, McKinsey&Company Report (July, 2015). URL: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our-insights/the-construction-productivity-imperative (дата обращения: 01.12.2017).
- Jantsch, E. Technological Forecasting in Perspective. Moscow, 1970, p. 22 (in Russ.).
Optimizing the construction period
Tikhonov IuriiPetrovich, assistant lecturer, Chair of Economics and Management in Construction, State University of Management, Moscow, Russia; e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: efficiency, investment project, time factor, time value of money, discounted cash flow, critical path method.
The article considers the problem of optimizing the construction duration, that is closely related to the freezing of capital investments. In world practice, the problem of optimizing the construction duration with target setting of minimizing the cost of construction is usually solved by the critical path method. However, the traditional version of this method does not take the whole life cycle of investment projects of construction into account, as well as the unequal nature of money over time. The article offers the author’s modification of the critical path method that is based on the minimum cost principle and takes the time factor into account. In the future, this optimization model can be improved by introducing additional factors into it, while its mathematical basis – by transferring it from a discrete to a continuous time form.
1. Tikhonov Iu.P. Evaluating the losses from freezing of capital investments // Ekonomika stroitel’stva [Economics in Construction], 2018, no. 3, pp. 66-77 (in Russ.).
2. Kelley J.E. Critical-path planning and scheduling: mathematical basis. Operations Research, 1961, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 296-320.
3. Ford L.R., Fulkerson D.R. Flows in networks. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962, 212 p.
4. Meyer W.L., Shaffer R.L. Extending CPM for multiform project time-cost curves. Journal of the Construction Division, 1965, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 45-68.
5. Crowston W. Decision CPM: network reduction and solution. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 1970, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 435-452.
6. Hindelang T.J., Muth J.F. A dynamic programming algorithm for Decision CPM networks. Operations Research, 1979, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 225-241.
7. De P., Dunne E.J., Ghosh J.B., Wells C.E. The discrete time-cost tradeoff problem revisited. European Journal of Operational Research, 1995, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 225-238.
8. Liu L., Burns S.A., Feng C.-W. Construction time-cost trade-off analysis using LP/IP hybrid method. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 1995, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 446-454.
9. Moussourakis J., Haksever C. Flexible model for time-cost tradeoff problem. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 2004, vol. 130, no. 3, pp. 307-314.
10. Ammar M.A. Optimization of project time-cost trade-off problem with discounted cash flows. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 2011, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 65-71.
11. Alekseev A.M., Kozlov L.A., Kriuchkov V.N. Network models in the long-term planning of production development. Novosibirsk, 1974, 109 p. (in Russ.).
12. Altaev V.Ia., Kogutovskaia L.A. Network methods of capital investment planning. Moscow, 1976, 144 p. (in Russ.).
13. O’Brien J.J. CPM in construction management: scheduling by the critical path method. New York: McGraw Hill, 1965, 254 p.
Monitoring of the market of services for transportation of passengers by land transport of Krasnodar region
Grinenko Svetlana Victorovna, Doctor of economic sciences,professor, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Education «Sochi State University» g. Sochi; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Prikhodko Lyudmila Nikolayevna, Candidate of Technical Science, associate professor, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Education «Sochi State University» g. Sochi; e-mail: email@example.com
Popov Alexey Alexandrovich, Candidate of Technical Science, associate professor, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Education «Sochi State University» g. Sochi; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Belyakova Ekaterina Vladimirovna,senior lecturer, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Education «Sochi State University» g. Sochi; e-mail: email@example.com
Keyword: passenger transportation, respondents, survey, market services.
The relevance of the research topic is predetermined by the ever-increasing demands for an increase in regional social and economic growth, implemented in accordance with the standard of competition development in the subjects of the Russian Federation. The object of the research is a competitive environment in the market of passenger transportation by land transport of the Krasnodar Territory. The evaluation was carried out in a number of areas as an analysis of the number of entrepreneurs operating in the market under study, taking into account the organizational forms of enterprises; identification of barriers to entry to the market of passenger services; the assessment of the satisfaction of consumers with the quality of passenger transportation services by land transport; identification of the problems of development of the market of passenger transportation services for various types of land transport. The study used statistical methods, a system approach, a method of questioning. The survey was conducted using the method of quota sampling using standardized questionnaires for users of services in on-line mode. In order to solve the problems of the low level of competition between state carriers and non-state carriers on intermunicipal routes for regular passenger transport by land, it is necessary to create conditions for the development of competition in the market for passenger transportation services by ground transportation by reformatting the existing intermunicipal route network into a combination of routes with regulated and unregulated tariffs.
1. Zyrjanov V.V. Simulation in the transport service of mega-events // Inženernyj vestnik Dona [Engineering journal of Don], 2011, no 4. URL: ivdon.ru.magazine.archive.n4y2011.709 (data accessed: 30.03. 2018) (in Russ.).
2. Kotsialos D., Papageorgiou M., Messmer A. Optimal coordinated and integrated motorway network traffic control //In Proceedings of 14th International Symposium of Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT), Ierusalem, Israel, 1999, pp. 621–644.
3. Parent M. Advanced Urban Transport: Automation is on the way //Intelligent systems, March/April 2007, pp. 9-10.
4. Popov A.A. Formation and distribution of passenger flows on the transport network of the city. PhD Thesis. -M., 2005 (in Russ.).
5. Fedorov V.P., Bulycheva N.V., Pahomova O.M., Losin L.A. Model of formation of inter-district correspondence in transport systems of large cities // Transport Rossijskoj Federacii [Transport Of The Russian Federation], 2008, no 3-4, pp. 64-67 (in Russ.).
6. Volod'kin P.P. Features of the formation of passenger correspondence taking into account the spatial self-organization // Vestnik Tihookeanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of PNU], 2010, no 3, pp. 123-132 (in Russ.).
7. Lagerev R.Ju. Assessment methodology matrices correspondence of traffic flows according to traffic volume. PhD Thesis. - Irkutsk, 2006 (in Russ.).
8. Zedgenizova A.N., Zedgenizov A.V., Lipnickij A.S. Estimation of the volume of correspondence generation to a large University on the example of ISTU // Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of ISTU], 2012, no 9, pp. 128-134 (in Russ.).
9. Habarov V.I., Molodcov D.O., Homjakov S.G. Markov model of transport correspondence // Doklady Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta sistem upravlenija i radiojelektroniki [Reports of Tomsk state University of control systems and Radioelectronics.], 2012, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 113-117 (in Russ.).
10. Pozdnjakov M.N., Feofilova A.A., Mironchuk A.A., Fialkin V.V. The recovery matrices of the mail questionnaire method //Modernizacija i nauchnye issledovanija v transportnom komplekse [Modernization and research in the transport sector], 2012, vol.2, pр. 233-241 (in Russ.).
Design of a Sustainable Steel Frame Building using Basalt Materials for increased Structural Sustainability
Chiadighikaobi Paschal Chimeremeze, Civil Engineering Ph.D student, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Academy of Engineering, Peoples Friendship University of Russia; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Adejuyigbe IfeOluwa Babatope, Architectural Engineering Ph.D student, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Academy of Engineering, Peoples Friendship University of Russia; e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: sustainability, steel, design, energy, analysis, basalt materials, Nigeria.
The future being a product of our actions and reaction prompts one to carefully and succinctly watch his or her action. Considering construction and the rate of environmental decadence due to the method and material utilized in building structures. This paper aims to x-ray and analyze a multi-functional residential structure putting into consideration the material usage and sustainability of the building structure. This was not achieve by a guess work but by proper calculations and analysis using Sap 2000, ANSYS and ArchiCAD in designing and civil engineering load calculation to ensure the stability and sustainability of the building structure. Material efficiency, Energy efficiency, recyclability, flexibility, Cost effectiveness, reduced waste, durability, maintenance, and utmost performance of basalt are the major focus of this analysis and invariably the major criteria for sustainability.
1. ACI. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete.An ACI Standard and Commentary BY American concrete institute. 2011. Pp.107-196.
2. AISC. Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges. American Institute for Steel Construction, Chicago, IL. 2010.
3. AISC. Specification for Structural Steel Buildings, ANSI/AISC 360-10, American Institute for Steel Construction, Chicago, IL. 2015.Pp. 290-297.
4. AISC, Steel Construction Manual, 14th Ed., American Institute for Steel Construction, Chicago, IL.2011. Pp. 23-423p.
5. ASCE. Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, ASCE/SEI 7-10, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA. 2010. Pp. 3-45.
6. ASTM. Selected ASTM Standards for Structural Steel Fabrication, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. 2011.
7. Bjorhovde, R. The Safety of Steel Columns. Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 104, No. ST9, September. 1978.
8. Buonopane, S.G. and Schafer, B.W. Reliability of Steel Frames Designed with Advanced Analysis. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 132, No. 2. 2006. Pp. 267- 276.
9. Deák T., Czigány T. Chemical composition and mechanical properties of basalt and glass fibers: a comparison, Textile Research Journal. 2009.
10. De Fazio P. Basalt fibra: from earth an ancient material for innovative and modern application, in Energia, Ambiente eInnovazione – bimestrale dell’ENEA, n. 3/2011, Varigrafica Alto Lazio, Viterbo. 2011.
11. Geschwindner, L. F. A Practical Look at Frame Analysis, Stability and Leaning Columns. Engineering Journal, 4th Quarter. 2002. Pp. 169-171.
12. Green Roof. an extract from http://www.optigreen.co.uk. 2017.
13. Jack C. McCormac and Russel H. Brown Design of Reinforced Concrete 9th edition. 2011. Pp. 547-550.
14. Quattrociocchi G., Albé M., Tirilló J., Sarasini F., Valente M., Santarelli M.L. Basalt fibres as a sustainable reinforcement for cement based mortars: preliminary study, in WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences, vol.90, UK-USA. 2015.
15. Ramakrishnan V., Panchalan R. A new construction material- noncorrosive basalt bar reinforced concrete. Special Publication, 229, 253-270. 2005.